Kudumbashree, the Kerala State poverty eradication mission has started working since 1998 and addressing the three levels of empowerment of women in the states – Economic Empowerment, Social Empowerment and Women’s empowerment. Kudumbashree is essentially a community network of Neighborhood Groups and its federations that covers the entire State of Kerala. It consists of a three-tier structure with Neighborhood Groups (NHGs) as primary level units, Area Development Societies (ADS) at the ward level, and Community Development Societies (CDS) at the local government level. As on today the Kudumbashree network have 2,90,723 NHGs affiliated to 19,854 ADSs and 1064 CDSs with a total membership of 45,44,834 women. Kudumbashree membership is open to all adult women, limited to one membership per family.

Women play a vital role in the development and sustenance of society at large. On account of the traditional patriarchy followed since time immemorial, often their contribution is not accounted and valued. With the changing times, the status of women both in the oriental world as well as in the occidental world has changed. Along with equality, and empowerment, today’s woman has also to tackle new challenges and shoulder responsibilities manifold specifically in the context of developing nations. Unlike other poverty’s alleviation programmes, Kudumbashree has a multi-pronged design and strategies that empower women in socially, economically and politically. Further, the three-tier federated community structure adds to its authenticity, accountability and commitment towards the poor and marginalized. Kudumbashree recognizes that capacitating women to understand and exercise their rights is a basic requirement for the success and sustainability of any poverty eradication programme. Kudumbashree has attempted to bring every poor woman in the state to federations of NHGs and capacitate them to address the issues of women by enhancing or improving female work participation, health and nutritional status, participation in decision making, local governance and their role in planning in addition to make them as local entrepreneurs for finding their livelihoods.

Kudumbashree is further play an active role in bringing women in to local governance. The participation of Kudumbashree members in Gram Sabhas and development works of GPs providing them the space for involving in local governance. This participation is giving opportunity for them to involve as a community interface for local economic development lead by GPs in the areas of social infrastructure development, welfare programmes based on rights and entitlements, employment generation, from food security, health insurance, housing, enterprise development, MGNREGS and Jagratha Samiti for enduring the safety and protection of women. Convergence with Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRIs) has been one of the central themes within the Kudumbashree idea. Convergence means seamless working together of the Kudumbashree and the PRIs; it includes institutional and programmatic convergence as well as sharing of resources.

Major intervention done by Kudumbashree in last 5 years are:

1. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) added to the strengthening of ADS. ADS representatives were to be the ‘Mates’ for scheme implementation. Close to two lakh women were trained to work as ‘Mates’ in MGNREGS. This started emerging as a cadre developing knowledge on identification and estimation of works, and in work supervision. MGNREGS and its link with collective farming lead to the rejuvenation of the entire structure, and it benefited ADS the most.

2. Gender self-learning Programme : Kudumbashree devised a special project called the Gender Self Learning Programme (GSLP) that directly caters to women’s empowerment. The programme recognizes the necessity of understanding the importance of “self learning” and using it to take advantage of the innate potential of women. The GSLP reinterprets the concept of learning by positioning women in multiple roles such as participants, information providers and knowledge creators

Plan of action - Strategies & Activities

  • Setting up of Gender Resource Centres at State, district and Panchayat level
  • Develop a team of women cadres and professionals
  • Selection of Gender Resource Persons(10 CRPs in each GP and a point person from the community)
  • Capacitating and skill development of Gender Resource Persons
  • Provide Certification course to the selected CRPs
  • Facilitation of vulnerability mapping and training to prepare projects & programmes under WCP which address the Strategic and Practical gender needs.
  • Act as a nodal point to support the survivors of victims of violence – Counselling, legal, provide different entitlements.
  • The Centre will also impart gender education for which material and training capacity will be developed

 

 

Through Gender Resource Centre Kudumbashree emphasizes to address the women’s inequality manifests itself in many forms such as gender discrimination in terms of declining male-female sex ratio, Social stereotyping, Gender based violence, health and nutritional status, limited access to resources, etc. Also aims to work for holistic empowerment of women in the state cutting across sectors and to serve as a nodal agency for all gender related initiatives in the state and in the community. GRC attempts to develop and make available the resources at a single place to share them across organizations in order to make their efforts in the sector more streamlined, efficient and effective. It can be act as a centre for making Poverty free Panchayaths in Kerala through various interventions.

Rationale

Women’s role, in a wide range of traditions and in theoretical work influenced by them, has typically been associated with the “private” realm, and men’s role with the “public” realm. The public/private distinction has been thoroughly criticized as being in many ways misleading and untenable. Nonetheless, it continues to influence both theoretical and empirical work, with the result that women’s efforts to gain a voice in governance have often been ignored. However Kudumbashree made it successful since two decade. Women in Kerala are has started thinking out of box. For this reason, the academic study of women, which used to take place in programs and departments of “Women’s Studies,” now increasingly, takes place in programs and departments of “Gender Studies,” dedicated to understanding the entire system through which societies constructed. It highlights the significance of starting Gender resource centers for enhancing the activities that focuses on gender equality in all the sections of the society.

Resource centers can be helping Grama Panchayat to formulate Projects and Programmes under Women Component Plan. It can be act as a nodal point for the support of survivors of violence or exploitation and also the center can take initiative in strengthening and supporting Jagratha Samithi at LSGs. It can develop a team of Gender Resource Group as technical team at the Panchayat level for the project formation, handholding support to the survivors and also as a facilitating team of different activities.. Through the interventions Kudumbashree aims to increase the participation of women in local development and governance.

Aim

To organize and implement programs and projects to address gender issues and to build gender equality in governance by promoting leadership, decision making abilities and challenging power relations

Objective of GRC

  • Enhancing the participation of women in governance process
  • Develop an engendering Panchayath by bringing more women in local economic development and governance
  • To act as a catalyst for making community safe for women through social legal and economic empowerment
  • Prevention of violence against women & children and community participation or convergent actions.
  • To impart skill for specific trades and to provide forward and backward linkages enabling women to be a part of productive work force obtain good remuneration.
  • Developing a system that is facilitating Women Component Plan of Grama Panchayat
  • Identifying the vulnerabilities existing in the community and address them through convergent actions of GPs
  • Will be connecting CRP’s and community counsellors with the universities and colleges who are offering courses related gender and women studies.
  • CRP’s and community counsellors will be provided informal education about gender and women studies.

 

 

 

Role of State Resource Center:

  • Creation of convergence platforms
  • Networking of different schemes and projects
  • Develop resource materials and supportive resources
  • Evaluation and Monitoring of district resource centre.

 

Role of District Resource Center:

  • District resource centre will act as a centre for district level lassoing and networking
  • To provide guidance and support to the Panchayat centres.
  • Provide legal and counselling support to GP level centre
  • Direct the survivors according to their need
  • Evaluation and Monitoring of GP level Centres
  • Planning and implementation of programmes on prevention aspects
  • Issue based interventions
  • The Centres shall be platform for awareness generation on social issues relevant for women disseminating knowledge about their rights, privileges, opportunities and threats. Issues such as safety of women, trafficking, and female foeticide shall be addressed through the information cum facilitation networks.
  • One community counsellor/Gender resource person will be in charge of the center and there will be a team of 10 gender resource persons in each GP to work in different areas like project formulation, prevention programmes, counseling etc.

 

 

 

 

Role of Gender Resource Centre

 

 

 

 

Roles and Responsibilities of the Centre at Panchayath

  • Institutionalisation of interventions for women in governance
  • Women centric local development programme initiatives
  • Formulation of Projects under WCP to address the strategic and practical needs of women in the community and to address the vulnerabilities identified.
  • Facilitate the vulnerability mapping process and further actions.
  • Programmes to prevent the atrocities against women and children
  • Handholding and mental support to the survivor of exploitation and also the women who are in distress
  • Provide counselling and other guidance to the women
  • Module and other study material preparation for the learning and training purpose
  • Provide technical inputs for Gender Budgeting and gender auditing of the LSGs
  • Conduct researches and studies
  • Convergent actions and programmes
  • The centre would act as a facilitator and provide awareness for better implementation of the schemes and to reduce the gap between the beneficiaries and the service provider (Social empowerment)
  • Education- the Centres would endeavour to promote education among girl child and to reduce dropouts

 

 

 

 

The District Centers will maintain close link with panchayat and also promote interaction with the community groups, which are working at the panchayat level. In order to achieve the same, these centers will identify field for acting as resource centers and activity centers. It is expected that the Gender Resource Centers will be able to draw upon the resources of all the categories of women who have a potential to contribute to the overall development of the economy. Women will be encouraged to set up enterprise though Neighborhood group/self help groups. Interaction between the all community groups will be the focal point of development of the Gender Resource Centers so that all the groups over a period of time are able to contribute each other’s development and at the same time achieve the overall objective of women’s empowerment. Centre wise action plan for interaction of these Women groups and development in a phased manner will be worked out in close cooperation with the state resource center.

Activity Responsibility Time period
Selection of 10 core RP Selection of core RP from a panchayat by District gender team 15 days
Capacity building training for core RP Done with the  help of convergence with various govt departments Two trainings of 5 days
Identifying key issues to address  Identify the key issues using special tools in the area and prioritize them Three months 
Project formulation and budgeting  training Training for project making and gender budgetting One weeek
Community level classes and campaign Group and individual level programs Continuous programs in 6 months
Project implementation  Field level implementation of projects using various strategies in accordance with the issues in the area 6 months
Evaluation  Evaluation at various levels of the total program in specific intervals  Every month 
Documentation Documentation  The last month of the year

Outcome

  • Creation of a convergent platform at all levels
  • Develop a team of 10 experts in each Panchayat
  • Formulation of different projects under WCP in GPs to address the identified vulnerabilities
  • Ensuring participation of women in governance
  • Strengthening preventive mechanisms in society
  • System to address the atrocities against women and children
  • Availing all services and entitlements to the community
  • Pool function and funds of other departments or agencies for the convergent actions
  • Research & study reports, modules and other supportive materials

 

Out Put - Measurable Indicators

  • Activities and programmes conducted
  • Number of Community resource persons and community counsellors involved – 700CRPs (10 per GP+
  • Number and area of projects prepared under WCP – In 70GPs
  • Vulnerability reduction interventions – 168 LSGs
  • Modules and materials developed
  • Fund utilization

 

Centers at three levels can be converge with LSGs, Departments like health, education, Social Justice, agriculture, NHM, KELSA etc. Programmes, funds and functions can be converging to ensure the participation of women in governance.

 

 

Code Particulars Unit Cost Total Budget (In lakhs)
A.1.1 Technical Assistance 
A1a Systems Support& Infrastructure (70 Centers)  70*15000/month 126
A1b Programme Management & HR 3 persons at State 449
14 Districts* 10 Persons  
70 GRC*1 person  
A1c Support to CRPs 5 CRPS/Panchayat 210
  Sub-Total(1)   775
A.2.2 Programme Cost( Including counseling, Gender sensitization(100persons), GBV prevention etc) 70*100000 350
100*70*4000*2  
A2a Capacity Building – Skill development in different areas(CRP, MECS, Animators etc – 250persons/district) 250*1000*3*14 105
A2b Research Studies, Documentation & Resource Materials 25000/GRC 250
    50000/District  
  Sub-Total(2)   705
  Total   1490

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIST OF GRCs IN KERALA
SL NO DISTRICT BLOCK NO GRC

1

TRIVANDRUM

PARASSALA

1 KARODU
2 CHENKAL
3 KULATHOOR
4 THIRUPURAM
5 PARASSALA

PERUMKADAVILA

6 KALLIKADU
7 AMBOORI
8 OTTASEKHARAMANGALAM
9 KUNNATHUKAL
10 PERUMKADAVILA
11 ARYANKODU
12 KOLLAYIL
13 VELLARADA

NEMOM

14 BALARAMAPURAM
15 PALLICHAL
16 KALLIYOOR
17 VILAVOORKAL

ATHIYANOOR

18 KOTTUKAL
19 KARUMKULAM

NEDUMANGAD

20 KARAKULAM
21 NEDUMANGAD
22 PANAVOOR

KILIMANOOR

23 PULIMATH
24 KILIMANOOR
25 PAZHAYAKUNNUMAL
26 PALLIKAL
27 NAGAROOR
28 KARAVARAM

CHIRAYINKEEZHU

29 KIZHUVILAM
30 KADAKAVOOR
31 MUDAKAL
32 ANCHUTHENGU

VARKALA

33 VARKALA
34 CHERUNIYOOR

VELLANADU

35 UZHAMALAKAL
36 POOVACHAL
37 KUTTICHAL
38 ARYANADU
39 THOLICODU
40 KATTAKADA
41 VITHURA

VAMANAPURAM

42 VAMANAPURAM
43 KALLARA
44 PANGODU
45 NANNIYODU
46 MANIKAL
NEYYATTINKARA MUNICIPALITY 47 NEYYATTINKARA I & II

POTHENCODE

48 MANGALAPURAM
49 KADINAMKULAM
50 POTHENCODU
51 AZHOOR

2

WAYANAD

KALPETTA

52 KALPETTA
53 VYTHIRI
54 KOTTATHARA
55 POZHUTHANA
56 MEPPADI
57 MOOPAINAD
58 MUTTIL
59 VENGAPPALLI
60 THARIODE
61 PADINJARATHARA

SULTHAN BATHERY

62 BATHERY-TRIBAL
63 BATHERY
64 MEENANGADI
65 NOOLPUZHA
66 NENMENI
67 AMBALAVAYAL

PANAMARAM

68 PANAMARAM
69 PULPALLY
70 POOTHADI
71 MULLANKOLLY
72 KANIYAMPETTA

MANANTHAVADI

73 THONDERNAD
74 MANANTHAVADI
75 THAVINJAL
76 THIRUNELLI
77 VELLAMUNDA
78 EDAVAKA

3

THRISSUR

ANTHIKKAD

79 ARIMBUR
80 CHAZHUR
81 ANTHIKKAD

CHALAKUDY

82 PARIYARAM
83 KADUKUTTY
84 CHALAKUDY
85 ATHIRAPPILLY
86 KORATTY

CHAVAKKAD

87 ORUMANAYUR
88 KADAPPURAM
89 VADAKKEKAD
90 PUNNAYUR
91 CHAVAKKAD

CHERPU

92 VALLACHIRA
93 CHERPU
94 AVINISSERY
95 PARALAM

CHOWANNUR

96 CHOWANNUR
97 KUNNAMKULAM 1,2
98 KANDANASSERY
99 PORKULAM
100 KADANGOD
101 VELUR
102 CHOONDAL
103 KADAVALLOOR

IRINJALAKUDA

104 KATTOOR
105 MURIYAD
106 PARAPPUKARA
107 KARALAM
108 IRINJALAKUDA1
109 IRINJALAKUDA2

KODAKARA

110 VARANDARAPPILLY
111 PUDUKKAD
112 ALAGAPPANAGAR
113 THRIKKUR
114 MATTATHUR
115 KODAKARA

MALA

116 ALOOR
117 MALA
118 ANNAMANADA
119 KUZHOOR
120 POYYA

MATHILAKAM

121 EDAVILANGU
122 KODUNGALUR1&2
123 SN PURAM
124 PERINJANAM
125 EDATHIRUTHY
126 MATHILAKAM
127 KAIPAMANGALAM

MULLASERY

128 ELAVALLY
129 MULLASSERY
130 VENKIDANGU
131 PAVARATTY

OLLUKARA

132 MADAKKATHARA
133 NADATHARA
134 PANANCHERY
135 PUTHUR

PAZHAYANNUR

136 PANJAL
137 KONDAZHY
138 CHELAKKARA
139 VALLATHOLNAGAR
140 THIRUWILWAMALA
141 PAZHAYANNUR

PUZHAKKAL

142 KAIPARAMB
143 THOLUR
144 KOLAZHI
145 ADAT
146 AVANOOR

THALIKULAM

147 VALAPPAD
148 THALIKULAM
149 NATTIKA
150 ENGANDIYOOR
151 VADANAPPILLY

VELLANGALLUR

152 PADIYOOR
153 VELLANGALLUR
154 PUTHANCHIRA
155 VELOOKKARA
156 POOMANGALAM

WADAKANCHERY

157 VARAVOOR
158 THEKKUMKARA
159 WADAKANCHERY 2
160 WADAKANCHERY 1
161 MULLURKKARA

4

PALAKKADU

Thrithala

162 Chailssery
163 Nagalasserry
164 Pattithara
165 Thirumuttakode

Pattambi

166 Koppam
167 Vilayur
168 Paruthur

Ottapalam

169 Vaniyamkulam
170 Thrikadeeri
171 Shornur
172 Ananganadi

Sreekrishnapuram

173 Sreekrishnapuram
174 Karimpuzha
175 Kadambzhipuram
176 Vellinezhi
177 Pokkottukavu
178 Cherpulassery
179 Karakurussi

Mannarkad

180 Karimba
181 Thachamapara
182 Kottopadam
183 Kumaramputhur

Agali

184 Agali
185 Sholayur

Palakkad

186 Mannur
187 Mundur
188 Kongad

Malampuzha

189 Marutharode
190 Akathethara

Alathur

191 Alathur
192 Kavassery
193 Kannambra
194 Vadakkanchery
195 Kizhakanchery

Kuzhalmannam

196 Kannadi
197 Thenkurussi
198 Mathur
199 Kuthanur
200 Kottayi

Chittur

201 Nalepilly
202 Kozhinjamapara
203 Perumatty

Nemmara

204 Pallasana
205 Melarkode
206 Elevanchery
207 Vandazhi
208 Ayilur

Kollenkode

209 Kollenkode
210 Pattanchery
211 Koduvayur

5

KOLLAM

Chadayamangalam

212 Velinalloor
213 Kadakkal
214 Velinallooor
215 Chadayamangalam

Amchal

216 Anchal
217 Kulathoopuzha
218 alayamon
219 Yeroor
220 Karavaloor
221 Aryankavu

Kottarakkara

222 Pooyappally
223 Veliyam
224 Ezhukon
225 Kareepra

Sasthamcotta

226 Poruvazhy
227 Sooranadu North
228 Kunnathoor
229 west Kallada

Oachira

230 Thodiyoor
231 Oachira
232 Kulasekarapuram
233 Alappadu
234 Clappana

Vettikkavala

235 Mylom
236 Ummannoor
237 Vettikkavala
238 Pavithreswaram

Ithikkara

239 Poothakkulam
240 Chirakkara
241 Adichanalloor
242 Chathannoor
243 Paravoor Muncipality

Chittumala

244 Perinadu
245 Panayam
246 Thrikkaruva

Mukhathala

247 Nredumpana
248 Mayyanadu
249 Thrikkovilvattom
Pathanapuram 250 Piravanthoor
Chavara 251 Panmana
  252 Thekkumbhagom
  253 Thevalakkara

6

ALAPPUZHA

Chengannur 254 Ala
aryad 255 Alappuzha North
Aryad 256 Alappuzha South
Ambalappuzha 257 Ambalappuzha North
Ambalappuzha 258 Ambalappuzha South
Thycattussery 259 Arookutty
Pattanakkad 260 Aroor
Aryad 261 Aryad
Bharanikkavu 262 Bharanikkavu
Thycattussery 263 Chennam Pallippuram
Mavelikara 264 Chennithala - Thripperumthura
Kanjikuzhi 265 Cherthala South
Harippad 266 Cheruthana
Mavelikara 267 Chettikulangara
Muthukulam 268 Chingoli
Muthukulam 269 Devikulangara
Champakkulam 270 Edathua
Pattanakkad 271 Ezhupunna
Harippad 272 Harippad
Kanjikuzhi 273 Kadakarappally
Kanjikuzhi 274 Kanjikuzhi
Harippad 275 Karthikappally
Harippad 276 Karuvatta
Muthukulam 277 Kayamkulam East
Muthukulam 278 Kayamkulam West
pattanakkad 279 Kodamthuruth
Harippad 280 Kumarapuram
pattanakkad 281 Kuthiyathodu
Aryad 282 Mannanchery
Kanjikkuzhi 283 Mararikulam North
Aryad 284 Mararikulam South
Bharanikkavu 285 Mavelikara - Thamarakkulam
Aryad 286 Muhamma
Veliyanad 287 Muttar
Bharanikkavu 288 Nooranadu
Bharanikkavu 289 Palamel
Harippad 290 Pallippad
Thykkattussery 291 Panavally
Chengannur 292 Pandanad
Pattanakkad 293 Pattanakkadu
Thykkattussery 294 Perumbalam
Ambalappuzha 295 Punnappara North
Ambalappuzha 296 Punnappara South
Ambalappuzha 297 Purakkad
Veliyanad 298 Ramankary
Champakkulam 299 Thakazhi
Champakkulam 300 Thalavady
Kanjikkuzhi 301 Thannermukkam
Mavelikkara 302 Thazhakkara
Harippad 303 Thrikunnapuzha
Pattanakkad 304 Thuravoor
Thykkattussery 305 Thykkattuseri
Pattanakkad 306 Vayalar
Harippad 307 Veeyapuram
Veliyanadu 308 Veliyanadu
Chengannur 309 Venmony

7

MALAPPURAM

Kondotty

310 Kondotty
311 Chelembra
312 Cherukavu
313 Vazhayoor

Malappuram

314 Malappuram
315 Kodur
316 Anakkayam
317 Othukkungal
318 Ponmala
319 Morayur

Ponnani

320 Ponnani
321 Vattamkulam
322 Kalady
323 Edappal
324 Thavanoor

Kuttippuram

325 Kalpakanchery
326 Marakkara
327 Irumblium
328 Edayur
329 Athavanad

Perumpadappu

330 Perumpadappu
331 Edarikkode
332 Maranchery

Wandoor

333 Pandikkad
334 Wandoor
335 Thiruvali
336 Thirikkalangode
337 Mampad

Mankada

338 Moorkkanad
339 Puzhakattiri
340 Koottilangadi
341 Kuruva
342 Makkaraparambu

Thiroorangadi

343 Thiroorangadi
344 Vallikkunnu
345 Parappanangadi
346 Peruvellur
347 Moonniyur

Perinthalmanna

348 Perinthalmanna
349 Elamkulam
350 Thazhekkode
351 Aliparamb
352 Keezhttur
353 Melattur

Angadippuram

354 Angadippuram
355 Moothedam
356 Pothukallu
357 Kavanur
358 Keezhuparamb

Arecode

359 Edavanna
360 Manjeri
361 Amarambalam
362 Edappatta
363 Chokkad

Thiroor

364 Thiroor
365 Mangalam

Thanur

366 Thanaloor
367 Ozhur
Vengara 368 Kottakkal

8

KOZHIKODE

Kozhikode

369 Kozhikode Corporation
370 Olavanna

Kunnamangalam

371 kunnamangalam
372 Perumanna
373 Mukkom
374 Mavoor
375 Kodiyathoor
376 Karassery
377 Kuruvattoor
378 Chathamangalam

Meladi

379 Payyoli
380 Meppayyur

Perambra

381 Perambra
382 Koothaali
383 Changaroth
384 Cheruvannur
385 Nochad

Panthalayani

386 Atholi
387 Chemancheri
388 Koyilandy
389  

Chelannur

390 Kakkodi
391 Nanminda

Balusseri

392 Panangad
393 Ulliyeri
Thodannur 394 Maniyur
Vadakara 395 Chorod

Thuneri

396 Valayam
397 Nadapuram

Kunnummal

398 Kuttiadi
399 Narippatta

Koduvalli

400 Omasseri
401 Puthuppadi

9

KASARGOD

Kasaragod

402 Mogral Puthur
403 Badiadka
404 Chemnad
405 kasaragod
406 Chengala
407 Madhur
408 Kumbala

Manjeshwar

409 Meenja
410 Paivalige
411 Manjeshwar
412 Puthige
413 Mangalpady
414 Enmakaje

Kanhangad

415 Kanhangad
416 Pullur Periya
417 Madikai
418 Uduma
419 Pallikkara
420 Ajanur

Parappa

421 Kinanoor Karindulam
422 Kodom Belur
423 West Eleri
424 East Eleri
425 Balal
426 Panthady
427 Kallar
428 Parappa BLCC

Karaduka

429 Muliyar
430 Delampady
431 Kumbadaje
432 Bellur
433 Bedadukka
434 Kuttikkol
435 Karadukka

Nileshwar

436 Padanna
437 Valiya Paramba
438 Trikaripur
439 Nileshwar
440 Kayyur Cheemeni
441 Pilicode
442 Cheruvathur

10

Ernakulam

PARAKKADAVU

443 Puthenvelikara
444 Kunnukara
445 Parakkadavu
446 Sreemoolanagaram
447 Nedumbassery
448 Chengamanad
449 Aluva

KOOVAPPADY

450 Koovapady
451 Assamannoor
452 Vengoor
453 Rayamangalam
454 Mudakuzha
455 Perumbavoor

KOTHAMANGALAM

456 Kavalangad
457 Keerampara
458 Kottapady
459 Kuttampuzha
460 Paingottoor
461 Pallarimangalam
462 Pindimana
463 Pothanikkad
464 Varappetty

MULANTHURUTHY

465 Amballoor
466 Chottanikkara
467 Edakkattuvayal
468 Maneed
469 Mulanthuruthy
470 Udayamperoor
471 Thiruvankulam

ANGAMALY

472 Ayyampuzha
473 Angamaly
474 Kalady
475 Kanjoor
476 Karukutty
477 Manjapra
478 Malayattoor
479 Mookkannoor
480 Thuravoor

VADAVUCODE

481 Aikkaranadu
482 Kunnathunad
483 Mazhuvanoor
484 Poothrikka
485 Thiruvaniyoor
486 Vadavucode Puthancruz

PAMPAKKUDA

487 Elanji
488 Palakkuzha
489 Pampakkuda
490 Ramamangalam
491 Thirumaradi
492 Koothattukulam
493 Piravom

VAZHAKULAM

494 Vengola
495 Edathala
496 Vazhakulam
497 Keezhmadu
498 Kizhakkambalam
499 Choornikkara
500 Kalamassery East
501 Kalamassery West

EDAPALLY

502 Cheranallur
503 Elamkunnappuzha
504 Kadamakudy
505 Mulavukad

ALANGAD

506 Eloor
507 Karumalloor
508 Kadungalloor
509 Alangad
510 Varzpuzha

PARAVOOR

511 N.Paravoor
512 Chendamangalam
513 Chittattukara
514 Kottuvally
515 Vadakkekkara
516 Ezhikkara

VYPIN

517 Edavanakkad
518 Kuzhuppilly
519 Nayarambalam
520 Njarackal
521 Pallippuram

PALLURUTHY

522 Chellanam
523 Kumbalangi
524 Kumbalam
525 Maradu
526 Kochi South
527 Kochi West

MUVATTUPUZHA

528 Arakuzha
529 Avoli
530 Ayavana
531 Kalloorkad
532 Manjalloor
533 Marady
534 Paipra
535 Valakom

11

PATHANAMTHITTA

MALLAPALLY

536 Anicadu
537 Kaviyur
538 Kallooppara
539 Kottanadu

PULIKEEZHU

540 Kadapra
541 Kuttoor
542 Thiruvalla
543 Peringara
544 Nedumbram
545 Niranam

KOIPURAM

546 Ayiroor
547 Puramattom
548 Thottapuzhasery
549 Eraviperoor
550 Koiprum
551 Ezhumattoor

ELANTHOOR

552 Chenneerkkara
553 Mallappuzhasserry
554 Cherukole
555 Pathanamthitta
556 Naranganam

RANNI

557 Pazhavangadi
558 Ranni
559 Vechoochira
560 Naranamoozhy
561 Seethathode

KONNI

562 Konni
563 Pramadam
564 Malayalappuzha
565 Vallicode

PARACODE

566 Ezhamkulam
567 Erath
568 Kadampanadau
569 Kodumon
570 Kalanjur
571 Pallickal

PANDALAM

572 Thumpamon
573 Aranmula
574 Pandalam Thekkekara
575 Kulanada

12

KANNUR

PAYYANNUR

576 KUNHIMANGALAM
577 ERAMAM KUTTUR

THALIPARAMBA

578 CHENGALAYI
579 KURUMATHUR
580 CHAPPARAPADAV
581 PARIYARAM
582 PATTUVAM
583 ANTHUR

KALLIASSERY

584 KALLIASSERY
585 KANNAPURAM
586 CHERUTHAZAM
587 NARATH
588 CHERUKUNNU

KANNUR

589 AZHEEKODE
590 CHIRAKKAL
591 VALAPATTANAM

EDAKKKAD

592 KOLACHERI
593 CHEMBILODE
594 MUNDERI
595 KADAMBUR
THALASSERY 596 ERANJOLI

KUTHUPARAMBA

597 MANGATTIDAM
598 KUTHUPARAMBA MUNICIPALITY
599 KOTTAYAM ( INAUGURATION PENDING)

IRIKKUR

600 MAYYIL
601 MALAPATTAM
602 KUTTIYATTUR
603 PAYYAVOOR
604 ULIKKAL

IRITTY

605 MATTANNUR MUNICIPALITY
606 IRITTY MUNICIPALITY
607 KOODALI
608 AYYANKUNNU
609 PAYAM
610 THILLANKERI

PERAVOOR

611 KELAKAM
612 KOTTIYUR
613 MUZHAKUNNU
614 KOLAYAD ( INAUGURATION PEDING )
PANOOR 615 CHOKLI
  616 MOKERI
617 KATHIRUR
618 PANNIYANNUR
619 PANNOR MUNICIPALITY

13

Kottayam

Vaikom

620 Chempu
621 Udayanapuram

Kaduthuruthy

622 Kaduthuruthy
623 Njeezhoor
624 Mulakulam
625 Velloor

Ettumanoor

626 Neendoor
627 Aymanam
628 Arppookara
629 Thiruvarppu
630 Kumarakom

Pallom

631 Kurichy
632 Ayarkunnam
633 Panachikad

Pampady

634 Kidangoor
635 Akalakunnam

Madappally

636 Thrikodithanam
637 Vakathanam
638 Vazhappally

Lalam

639 Kozhuvanal
640 Bharananganam

Erattupetta

641 Thidanad
642 Theekoy
643 Moonnilavu

Vazhoor

644 Vazhoor
645 Nedumkunnam
646 Karukachal
647 Kangazha
648 Chirakadavu

Uzhavoor

649 Veliyannoor
650 Uzhavoor
651 Kuravilangad
652 Ramapuram
653 Manjoor
Kanjirappally 654 Kanjirappally

Urban

655 Ettumanoor
656 Erattupetta
657 Kottayam North

14

IDUKKI

Adimaly

658 Adimaly
659 Bysonvalley
660 Pallivasal
661 Vellathooval
662 Konnathady

Azhutha

663 Kumali
664 Vandiperiyar

Devikulam

665 Devikulam
666 Kanthalloor
667 Mankulam
668 Marayoor
669 Munnar
670 Vattavada
671 Santhanpara

Elamdesam

672 Alakkode
673 Karimannoor
674 Kodikkulam
675 Vannappuram
676 Velliyamattam

Idukki

677 Arakkulam
678 Kanjikuzhy
679 Mariyapuram
680 Vathikudy
681 Vazhathope

Kattappana

682 Ayyappankovil
683 Chakkupallam
684 Erattayar
685 Kanchiyar
686 Kattappana (urban)
687 Upputhara
688 Vandanmedu

Nedumkandam

689 Karunapuram
690 Pampadumpara
691 Senapathy
692 Udumbanchola

Thodupuzha

693 Edavetty
694 Kumaramangalam
695 Manakkadu
696 Muttom
697 Purappuzha